Houston managed to win the governorship in 1859. Hurricane Harvey inundates Houston with five days of rain. City provides “land and good buildings” for a smallpox/yellow fever hospital. Census ranks Houston as state's most populous city at 292,352 residents. Get the Rockets sports stories that matter. The Practical Designer, for Women’s, Misses’, Juniors’ & Children’s Cloaks & Suits, Shirt Waist Suits and Dresses, with Grading and Special Measurements, According to the Most Approved & up-to-Date Method; Specially Designed for Self Instruction. Houston Museum of Fine Arts, the first fine arts museum in Texas, opens. The George R. Brown Convention Center opens on 11 blocks on the east end of downtown. Houston voters reject proposed zoning ordinance. Census shows Houston’s population up to 9,332. His union joined with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee in ...read more, Visitors flock to Mexico to visit two ancient Aztec sites–the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon, as well as the state’s famous twin volcanoes, Popocatépetl and Iztacíhuatl. But at San Jacinto on April 21 his men secured Texas independence by destroying a Mexican army and capturing its commander, Mexican president Santa Anna. A WWI victory parade through the streets of downtown in 1918. Source: University of Houston Digital Library. With the aim of teaching “the next generation the praiseworthy deeds of the Lord, His power and the wonders He has done.” (Psalm 78: 4). APRIL 21 Battle of San Jacinto. Hurricane Ike makes landfall Sept. 13 at Galveston as a Category 2 storm, claiming at least 70 lives and causing some $27 billion in property damage along the Texas Gulf Coast, ranking it third most costly among U.S. hurricanes. Shortly thereafter, the fall of the Alamo compelled the small force Houston led to retreat eastward from Gonzales, trailed by panicked civilians. Source: University of Houston Digital Library. General Sam Houston, sensing Santa Anna's mistake, engaged him on the shores of the San Jacinto River. The Houston Chamber of Commerce's annual meeting was held in January 1945. Houston metro area population reaches 1,000,000. The annexation of Texas and the winning of territory in the consequent war with Mexico accelerated divisions over the future of slavery in America. Hobby Center for the Performing Arts opens. “Houston” is the first word spoken from the lunar surface. Copyright © 1991 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Automobile first appears in Houston as an advertising gimmick. Galveston, with 4,117 residents, is the state’s largest city. He halted warfare upon Indians. Houston Left Hand Fishing Club purchases the city’s first automobile from Olds Motor Works of Detroit. Engineering begins on the Gulf Freeway, Texas’ first freeway. Houston Business League is founded (became Houston Chamber of Commerce in 1910). Houston’s fortunes hit bottom in 1857 when his gubernatorial bid failed and the legislature voted not to return him to the Senate. A bucket brigade, Protection Fire Company No. He became governor in 1859, but was removed from office after the secession of Texas in 1861. Voters approve creation of Harris County Toll Road Authority. City Planning Commission recommends that Houston adopt a zoning ordinance but finds scant support. National Democratic Convention is held in Houston. Despite his pro-slavery views, he believed in preserving the Union. As commander of the forces fighting for Texas’ independence, he routed the Mexican troops at the Battle of San Jacinto, which essentially won the struggle.Over his long career, he was a successful and effective statesman, serving as congressman and governor of … Resigning suddenly in 1829 after the collapse of his marriage, Houston spent several years with the Cherokee in Indian Territory. The original building of the Museum of Fine Arts Houston is now part of the Caroline Weiss Building on the museum's campus. He was the only southern senator to vote for every measure of the Compromise of 1850 and was one of only two to oppose the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The Johnson Space Center in Houston, originally established as the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) in 1961, is the site of Mission Control for all flights into space. Congress makes its first appropriation — $10,000 — for ship channel improvements. Houston Chamber of Commerce, Houston Economic Development Council and Houston World Trade Association combine to form Greater Houston Partnership. Construction boom helps to offset job losses in energy over the next two years. Mule drawn trolleys first appear in Houston in the 1860s. 1, is formed to fight fires. Trade activities compose about ...read more. On March 31, 1832, Ohio Congressman William Stanbery accused Houston of fraud in a speech on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives. Allen Brothers call on Gail Borden (publisher, surveyor, originator of condensed milk) and Thomas H. Borden to survey the site. KLEE-TV broadcasts first Houston commercial TV program. Spindletop oilfield, east of Houston. Total rainfall exceeds 50 inches in many parts of the region. A replica of one of the original maps for the new city of Houston created by Gail Borden, who was hired by the Allen brothers. Houston Museum and Scientific Society, Inc., predecessor of the Houston Museum of Natural Science, is organized. Houston is first Texas city with electric streetcars. Annexation Process: 1836-1845 A Summary Timeline Related Links Narrative history of Annexation | Narrative history of Secession and Readmission 1836 MARCH 2 Texas declares independence from Mexico. Houston and Harris County vote to secede from the Union. The energy downturn bottoms out and a slow recovery begins. Source: University of Houston Digital Library. KUHT-TV, the nation’s first public broadcast TV station, goes on the air. The center would be expanded in 2001 to 1.8 million square feet. hosts its first PGA Tour event — now the Houston Open, 10th oldest event on the PGA schedule. Houston hosts 16th annual Economic Summit of Industrialized Nations. The latest degree program in the Department of Population Health at Sam Houston State University demonstrates the department’s continual commitment in the development of degree offerings. The Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, was the defining battle of the Texas Revolution.Mexican General Santa Anna had unwisely divided his force to mop up those Texans still in rebellion after the Battle of the Alamo and the Goliad Massacre. Rice Institute (now Rice University) begins classes. Tropical Storm Allison inundates Houston June 5-9, claiming 22 lives and inflicting $4.9 billion in property damage, with storm precipitation as high as 35.67 inches in some areas. An engraving depicting Buffalo Bayou at Allen's Landing in the 1870s. The traits that distinguished Sam Houston in Texas would be evident well before he settled there. You count on FedEx for reliable shipping. Jack Kristofek is a 6-4, 190-pound Dual-Threat Quarterback from Dallas, TX. The Tyler administration finally moved to annex Texas during Houston’s second term. Toyota Center, home of the National Basketball Association’s Houston Rockets, opens. On April 21, 1836, Houston and his men defeated Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna at San Jacinto to secure Texan independence. Texas’ oldest newspaper, The Galveston County Daily News, is first published. NFL Network's Ian Rapoport and Mike Garafolo report potential timeline for the Cleveland Browns players to return from COVID-19 list. Houston economic recovery complete; April job count above March 1982 level. Houston adopts ordinance dedicating tax monies to its library system. The Sam Houston State University (SHSU) College of Osteopathic Medicine (COM) seeks to prepare students for the degree of Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) with an emphasis toward primary care and rural practice, to develop culturally aware, diverse and compassionate physicians, who follow osteopathic principles, that are … Although formally distinct, the Federal District and Greater Mexico City constitute one of ...read more, Tamaulipas is home to Tampico, one of the country’s first ports, as well as many major theater groups. Census finds Houston MSA has no racial or ethnic majority. An estimated 1.3 million people turn out in Downtown Houston April 5, 1986 to see French composer Jean-Michel Jarre's "Rendez-vous Houston: A City in Concert.". The city of Saint Denis is founded and serves as the capital of the French New World … He spent time among the Cherokee as a youth in East Tennessee, acquiring his distinctive familiarity with Indians. Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. Houston Colored Junior College, the forerunner of Texas Southern University, established. Houston’s first modern light rail line, 7.5-miles long, begins operations. Attracted by their unionism, he also endorsed their nativism. Municipal airport opened; air mail service to Houston begins. The Oneidas were undefeated from 1862-65. The degree to which Houston shared many Texans’ enthusiasm for American statehood is unclear. Houston became a Jackson protégé and, later, a Jacksonian politician. December 31 annexation expands Houston's area from 74.4 square miles to 216 square miles. First deepwater vessel, the S.S. Satilla, calls at Houston. Houston’s first trolley cars (muledrawn) appear. Stay up-to-date on what’s happening with the Partnership and Greater Houston region by opting-in to receive information on upcoming events, news, data releases and more. Ellington Airport receives a commercial spaceport license by the Federal Aviation Administration. Although an unapologetic slave owner, Houston, like his mentor Jackson, insisted that the Union in all cases be preserved. Source: University of Houston Digital Library. Downtown's Tranquility Park, honoring Houston's important role in the Apollo 11 mission, opens in 1979. Texas Legislature appropriates $4,000 for Buffalo Bayou improvements. In the interim he served in the legislature. First Houston city park opens. Hardened by his early experience as a manual laborer, Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. He was voted president in 1836 and again in 1841, then served as a senator after Texas became a state in 1845. Herman landed a job at Sam Houston State, coaching wide receivers and special teams. During the Civil War, the closest fighting is at Galveston. Gail Borden lays out the town’s streets 80’ wide, with the principal east-west street (Texas Ave.) 100’ wide. BBVA Compass Stadium, home of Major League Soccer’s Houston Dynamo, opens. First grain elevator is built on the Houston Ship Channel. Petrochemical complex develops, taking feedstocks from nearby refineries. But his hope that sectional tensions might be diffused and his own career advanced by the establishment of a protectorate over Mexico came to naught, as did an effort to secure the Constitutional Union party’s presidential nomination. Congress designates Houston a port; first survey of Houston’s proposed ship channel is conducted. (Isidor). Approximately 190-250 Texians and Tejanos died. By November, Houston returns to 2008 pre-recession employment levels; first major metro to do so. 155 office buildings completed in 12 months. Source: University of Houston Digital Library. The view of Super Bowl Live leading up to Super Bowl LI. Explore the history of Houston by decade in this interactive timeline. First Houston Fat Stock Show & Rodeo (now Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo) held. Although the games are set at separate points between 1899 and 1914 inclusive, the background of the characters and the world spans well over a century of American history. Houston journeyed to Texas in 1832. Second National Bank becomes Houston’s first air-conditioned building. Minute Maid Park under construction in the late 1990s. Houston Country Club opens with Houston’s first professionally designed 18-hole golf course. Just months after Texas won its independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto, brothers John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen purchased a little over 6,600 acres on the banks of Buffalo Bayou for a new town. He attacked a congressman walking down Pennsylvania Avenue with a cane. Apollo 11, the first manned mission to the moon, was controlled from the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston. Congress appropriates $1 million for work on the Houston Ship Channel. First opened in 1899, today Sam Houston Park sits across the street from City Hall. 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