Pamukkale & Hierapolis are definitely one of the most important must-visit sites while you visit Turkey. This site is exceptional by vurtue of its superlative natural phenomena - warm, heavily mineralized water flowing from springs creating pools and terraces which are visually stunning... See more ideas about pamukkale, natural phenomena, the turk. In Turkish 'Pamukkale', translates as "cotton castle" but was originally known as Hierapolis – the sacred city and holy pools. pxherePamukkale’s thermal pools without water. It consists of a series of travertine pools and waterfalls that spill down the side of the hill for hundreds of meters. In AD 17, during the rule of the emperor Tiberius, a major earthquake destroyed the city. Wikimedia CommonsA gap in the travertine wall. [citation needed]. Doctors prescribed their patients regular baths in the pools, and thousands of pilgrims, many with terminal illnesses, traveled there to seek the cure. Its a geological phenomenon which looks like a snow-clad mountain range from far away, however, when coming closer, it may surprise you that they are actually travertines (white calcium terraces) and not snow covered peaks. Sunset on the cliffs at Turkey’s Pamukkale. It is located in Turkey’s Inner Aegean region, in the River Menderes valley, which has a temperate climate for most of the year. Pamukkale – Turkey’s Cotton Castle 1 January 2011 Image Credit Flickr User Miquitos. Shimmering travertine covers every inch of the terraces, visible from the plains more than ten miles away. The underground volcanic activity which causes the hot springs also forced carbon dioxide into a cave, which was called the Plutonium, which here means "place of the god Pluto". Yet this geological wonder is also the site of the ancient city of Hierapolis and over the centuries the two have seemed to come together, merged almost, in to one. Where the baths once were is a museum that has collected the fascinating finds unearthed at the site, including elaborate statues and sarcophagi. Pools range in temperature from a pleasantly toasty 95 degrees to boiling. The city contains hot springs and travertines, terraces of carbonate minerals left by the flowing water. It’s the travertine that gave Turkey’s famous thermal pools their name: Pamukkale, or “cotton castle.”. Truly spectacular in its own right, the geological phenomenon that is Pamukkale, literally “Cotton Castle” in Turkish, is also the site of the remarkably well-preserved ruins of the Greek-Roman city of Hierapolis. pxhereIn Turkey, the Pamukkale thermal pools are on full display in this breathtaking panorama. It also contains a mixture of the minerals it steeped in: bicarbonates, colloidal iron, and, most importantly, calcium carbonate. Wikimedia CommonsAn ancient tomb that has been slowly encased in travertine. Pamukkale is a well-known site and we often see pictures of this “cotton castle” to illustrate travel brochures from Turkey. The museum also has a section devoted to artifacts found at Beycesultan Hüyük that includes examples of Bronze Age craft. While this seems impossible, it is exactly what you’ll see when you visit Pamukkale in Turkey! Jul 4, 2018 - Pamukkale, which literally means "cotton castle", is the name the Turks gave to the extraordinary site of Hierapolis. PublicDomainPicturesThe hard travertine surrounding the thermal pools looks puffy, like cotton. The artifacts in open exhibition space are mostly marble and stone. From the title, ‘Turkey: Fairy Chimneys and Underground Cities’ you can easily guess what first drew us to the country – but during our short time there we wanted to explore as much of what the country has to offer as possible. Waters coming out of the Seleucid Empire s city center downhill can be seen from the Pamukkale... To follow the pathway. 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