Plant fibres are obtained from the fruits and stem of the plant. These are made from chemical substances. A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds. In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. Ques 4: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? Test Series Q 5. Franchise The stem of the plant gives silk fibre. Cotton Fibres: Cotton fibre is obtained from cotton plants that grow in black soil in a warm climate. Fabrics like khadi are made by spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis. Archaeologists have discovered fragments of plant fibres in Switzerland, which date back to around 8000 BC. Hand spindle: It is a simple device used for spinning of cotton. In weaving process the vertical threads are called the warp and the horizontal threads are the weft or filling. Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. Advantage of cotton is that the sweat it absorbs evaporates. Jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. Some historians are of the opinion that the Egyptians had cotton as early as 14,000 years ago. d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. Cotton Fibres: Cotton fibre is obtained from cotton plants that grow in black soil in a warm climate. Sisal fibres are obtained from the leaves of the sisal plant. Cotton, sisal, flax jute, ramie, coir and hemp are examples of plant fibres.Theyhave more extensive use than animal fibres. F 3. The stems rot and fibres are then separated by hand. Why do we wear different clothes in different seasons? 1 Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic:nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, juteAnswer.Natural FibreSynthetic Fibre | | Let us discuss about clothes and why they are important. We have provided Fibre to Fabric Class 6 Science MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. The cotton fibres are collected by hand from the ripe cotton bolls. Cocoons are dissolved in boiling water in orderto extract individual long fibres. Name two items that are made from the coconut fibre. | 6. Jute is cultivated during the rainy season. 1. Coir is used in sacking and doormats, mattresses formaking finer bashes string, rope and fishing nets. Charkha: It is also a hand operated device used for spinning of cotton. That is why, if you pull a single yarn from a torn woolen garment, it keeps unraveling. Media Plant fibres are obtained from plants such as cotton, jute etc. plants and animals. Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, knitting, weaving, embroidery, and rope making. This results in cooling down of the body. FAQ Class 6 - Science - CH3 - Fibre to Fabric. Home Page Class VI Science. Jute fibre is. When India was a colony of Britain, Indian cotton was shipped toBritain and the Indians had to buy it back as fabric. ... Q12: Name two fibres obtained from plant. Silk cotton is obtained from kapok tree. https://www.studyadda.com 3 sec, OTP has been sent to your mobile number and is valid for one hour, The earliest versions of the cotton gin consisted of a single roller made of iron or wood and a flat piece of stone or wood. a) Yarn is made from fibres. Fabrics are materials made from weaving, knitting, spinning fibres together. in a warm climate. The fibres obtained from plants and animals are called natural fibres For Ex: Cotton from cotton balls, jute from jute plant, silk from cocoon of silkworm and from hair of … We hope the given CBSE Class 6 Science Notes Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric Pdf free download will help you. To understand the concept of fibers, fabric and yam, 3. (2) Rope. They leant to weave twigs and grass into mats and baskets. b) Animals fibres are silk and wool. Wool and silk are obtained from animals and cotton and jute are obtained from plants. For knitting, a single yam is used to make a piece of fabric. It is cultivated during raining season, m India jute is mainly grown in states of West Bengal (W. B), Bihar, Assam. It is mostly used to make doormats, carpets and other flooring material. Next, the cotton fibres are separated from the seeds by combing them. Weaving The natural fibre is polyester. Flax is a plant that gives natural fibre. | Example: Cotton, Jute, coir, and linen. Notification Depending on the climate of the place people wear different clothes. Answer. plants and animals. The stems of jute plants are soaked in water for a few days until they start rotting. For example, polyester, nylon, and acrylic, etc. Q3. Often the fibres are spun or wound together to form a thread before beingmade into a fabric. Here students get acquainted with the different fibres obtained … Synthetic fibre: The fibre which are synthesized in industry from simple chemicals obtained from petroleum are called synthetic fibre. | | The basic necessities for human beings are food, shelter and clothing. Flax Fibres obtained from the stem of the flax plant are woven to make a fabric called linen. Coir The piece of fabric is made from weaving of yam. 4.Question. Download NCERT Solutions Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric free pdf, NCERT Solutions updated as per latest NCERT book, NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science for chapter 3 Fibre to FabricQuestion. Fibre and fabric Key raw materials to make Khadi-the fabric that was the heart of Mahatma Gandhi’s Freedom movement. (2) Jute: From stem of jute plant. This process is called picking. It is used to make sacks, ropes, handmade clothes, wall hangings and for makingstrong packing materials. For example: Cotton sari is made of cotton, Leather jacket is made of leather, Sweater is made of wool, etc. Refund Policy, You need to login to perform this action.You will be redirected in Previous. Synthetic fibres are not obtained from plants or animals. Videos Natural fibres: Cotton, Wool, Silk, Pure jute etc. Q6: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? The jute plant is generally harvested when it is in the flowering stage. 6. One hectare of jute plants consumers over 15 tonnes of \[C{{O}_{2}},\]several times higher than trees. Animal fibres: Fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal fibres. Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruit of the cotton plant, and jute is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. are separated by hand from the rotting stems. Thousands of years ago, people learned how to obtained fibres from wildplants. About 30,000 years ago, people started using animal skins for clothing. India and Sri Lanka aremajor producers of coir. It is made up of fibres. View Answer. Q 6. Jute Fibre: Jute fibre comes from jute plants, which are mainly grown in places that have high temperatures and plenty of rainfall. Knitting is a process that makes use of a single yarn to make a piece of fabric. For example, cotton from cotton bolls, jute from jute plant, silk from cocoon of silkworm and wool from hair of … Warp and Weft Yarns In weaving cloth, the warp is the set of lengthwise yarns that are held on a frame or loom. They are weaving and knitting. Example: Wool and Silk. Jute is cultivated during the rainy season. Natural fibres: Some fibres like cotton, jute, wool and silk are obtained from animals and plants. The fibres which are made from chemical substances or which are not obtained from the plant and animal sources are called synthetic fibres. and is used for making winter clothes. It is a natural fibre obtained from jute plant. It is obtained from stem of flax plant.The fabric made from flax fibre is calledlinen.It is used for making clothes, ropes and high quality paper. Silk is obtained from the cocoon of the silkworm. Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Science Food Fibre to Fabric To get cotton yam, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. The knitting machine was invented in 1589 (during the reign of Queen Elizabeth) by William Lee, a clergyman. Hemp fibre is obtained from the stems of hemp plant. Clothes guard our body from external environment. The stemsrot and then fibres are separated by hand. and are not obtained from any plant and animal sources. Q15: Fruits of cotton plants are called _____. Jute is obtained from the stem of jute plant. To understand different methods to get fabric from yam. This is known as ginning. They are called natural fibres. The process of removing seeds from cotton is called ginning. Synthetic fibres: Nylon, Polyester, Acrylic etc. View Answer. (b) Animals fibres are silk and wool . Plant fibres are obtained from various parts of plants, such as the seeds (cotton, kapok, milkweed), stems (flax, jute, hemp, ramie, kenaf, nettle, bamboo), and leaves (sisal, manila, abaca), fruit (coir) and other grass fibres. Answer: a) Plant fibres are obtained from jute and cotton. These fibres areused in the production of ropes, nets and matting. Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep or goat. Example: Wool and Silk. Hence, they are natural fibres. Conversion of Yarn to Fabric It is mostly used to make ropes, carpets, clothes and papers and nets. Free Videos, Contact Us Between the 12th and 14th centuries, dual-roller gene appeared in India and China. Ropes, basket, door mat, Mattress etc. Gandhi promoted spinningas an act of independence. From which parts of the cotton and jute are obtained? Question 4 From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? | Cotton has been grown in India for more than three thousand years. It is the fibre obtained from the outer cover of the fruit of the coconut palm. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil … Hemp plants growbest in loamy soil. ... 18. a) Plant fibres are obtained from jute and cotton. After learning these NCERT Solutions, students will be able to clear all their doubts on the concepts involved in CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 3. Jute Sack Back (source:openclipart.org) b) Animals fibres are _silk__ and _wool_ . Aftermaturing cotton bolls open and we can easily see the seeds covered with cotton fibres. Hence, they are natural fibres. Write few items that are made from coconut fibre. Example: Nylon, Polyester and Acrylic. a) Plant fibres are obtained from_____ and _____ . Wool and silk are obtained from animals and cotton and jute are obtained from plants. b) Animals fibres are silk and wool. are collected by hand from the ripe cotton bolls. ( ) f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. In Class 6 Science chapter 3, various processes and concepts used to in the formation of cloth have been explained. ( ) c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut. Silkworms are fed on the leaves of the mulberry trees. Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. Other useful plant fibres | T 6.F 7 .F Q4. Plant fibres: Fibres obtained from plant sources are called plant fibres. Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. | Ramie is obtained from the stem of the Ramie plant. MCQ Questions for Class 6 Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. b) Animals fibres are silk and wool. Once the fibres have been obtained, they are made into yarn by twisting the strands together. Another important plant fibre is hemp. From which part of the plant jute fibre is obtained? ... Cotton, jute, coir, silk cotton, hemp, and flax are some plant fibres. Why Studyadda? ( ) d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. Answer: Ropes, Mattress, Door-mat. At the same time we wear clothes to look good. Lalit Sardana Sir are spun to convert them into yarn. The fruits ofcotton plant are called cotton bolls. Examples: Nylon, Acrylic, Polyester. 5.Question.Name two items that are made from coconut fiber ? Then the fibres are separated by hand from the rotting stems. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric with Answers Pdf free download. Ans. When the jute plant is at its flowering stage, it is harvested. Early Indians wore cotton fabrics. The looms are either hand operated called handlooms or power operated called power looms. In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. Why does the burning of cotton gives different smell then burning of paper yet both obtained from plants? Hemp. Hemp fibres are obtained from the stem of the hemp plant. Explain the process of making yarn from fibre. One of the earliest known examples of knitting (formed on  two sticks by pulling loops through loops) were a pair of cotton socks found in Egypt from the first millennium A.D. | Fabrics are made up of strands called yarns, which are made from even thinner strands, called fibres. Cotton is a soft fibre that is obtained from cotton plant. Earlier, ginning was done by hand, but nowadays, a machine is used. 5. Knitting is done by hands and also on machines. Machines are used for spinning yarn on a large scale. fibres can be classified as natural fibres and synthetic fibres. Ans. Plant Fibre: Cotton and jute are plant fibre. They burst open when they are ripe. | Hemp Q.5. Ginning of cotton: It refers to the process of separation of cotton fibres fromthe seeds. The traditional clothes worn by people in our countryvary considerably from region to region.. People living in hot countries wear light clothing. Clothes made from synthetic fibres are strong and do not wrinkle easily. The nature of a fabric will depend on the fibres from which it is made and the way that they are arranged, and its properties will determine the applications for which it is suitable. The process of arranging two sets of yams together to make a fabric is calledweaving. Fibres from these plants can be considered to … Ans. Then, the stem of such harvest plant are immersed in water for a few days so that they rot. Nylon and polyester on the other hand are prepared artificially and are therefore synthetic fibres. It is believed that wool was the first animal fibre to be made into cloth. Why is spinneret used to make synthetic fiber but is not used to make natural fiber? Copyright © 2007-2020 | Knitting Bangladesh with -25% lies at second position followed by China with -3%. Example: Nylon, Polyester and Acrylic. Sample Papers Animal fibres: Fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal fibres. Plant fibres are obtained from plants and are also called cellulosic fibres. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 4 Fibres, Fabric And Clothing are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. Spinning wheel (Charkha) or hand spindle are used for spinning process. (1) Cotton: From fruit of the cotton plant. b) Animals fibres are _____ and _____ . Silk cotton | In India cotton is sown between May and September in different parts of the country. | These fibres were spun into thread and made into clothes. This process is called picking. 4. Dark coloured clothes are worn in winters because they absorb heat and warm quickly. Recap. Natural fibres are obtained from natural sources, i.e. Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres and are not obtained from any plant and animal sources. f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. ... 30. fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Silk cotton is obtained from kapok tree. Plant/vegetable fibers are obtained from plant sources such as cotton which is obtained from the seed of the cotton plant and jute which is obtained from the jute plant's stem, from the outer covering of … What is fabric? When people settled down as farmers, they used woven vines and animal fleece as clothes. Articles Q13: Name two fibres obtained from animals. ( ) e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. Nylon and polyester on the other hand are prepared artificially and are therefore synthetic fibres. Weaving is the process of arranging two sets of yarns together perpendicular to each other to make a fabric. have been obtained, they are made into yarn by twisting the strands together. People started wearing stitched clothes only after the needle was invented. NCERT class 6 science chapter 3 deals with the various processes involved in the making of fabric from fibre. This process of making yarn from fibre is called spinning. Fabrics like khadi are made by spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis. These are called natural fibres. Animal fibre: Silk and wool are animal fibre. Q14: Where is cotton wool grown? e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut. Vines, animal fleece or hair were twisted together into long strands. During summer we should wear loose fitting clothes to keep our body cool.People living in cold countries wear woolen clothes like -coats, jerseys, socks, caps etc. In India cotton grew in the regions nearriver Ganga. Examples include cotton, hemp, jute, flax, ramie, sisal, and bagasse, etc. Wool and silk are examples of animal fibres. Silk fibre is obtained from the cocoons of the silk moth and is used for making high quality dress material. To get jute, thestems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. Earlier, ginning was done by hand, but nowadays, a machine is used. The yarn that is inserted over and under the warp threads is called weft, woof, or filler.All plants fibres are made up of cellulose. | Wool and silk fibres are obtained from animals. In those times, people just draped the fabric to cover themselves. Coconut’s outer cover is jute. Hemp fibres are obtained from the stem of the hemp plant. (a) Plant fibers are obtained from cotton and jute. Clothes are made of different types of materials. Current Affairs In Egypt, in ancient times, cotton as well as flax were cultivated near river Nile. In ancient days, stitching was not known and people simply draped the fabrics around different parts of their body Even today, Saree, dhoti, lungi or turbanis used unstitched. Knitting can be done by hand or on machines. Between the 12. We wear clothes to protect our body against heat, cold, rain, dust and insects. 5. Ramie fibres are used inthe production of canvas, sewing threads, fishing nets, and parachutes. Ramie is obtained from the stem of the Ramie plant. Itcan be an effective substitute for plastic bags. For the conversion of yarn to fabric two main processes are used. Khadi may also include silk and wool, which is why it is cool in summers and it also provides warmth in winters. The earliest versions of the cotton gin consisted of a single roller made of iron or wood and a flat piece of stone or wood. These looms may be operated by power or by hand. Purchase Courses These fibres are light and fluffy. In the next stage, flax and cotton were woven into clothes. He encouraged people to wear self spun clothes and reject the cloth made in Britain. Machines are used for spinning yarn on a large scale. The fruits of this tree contain. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. Coir is too rough to be made into garments. In India, jute is mainly grown in Bihar, Assam and West Bengal. Question 4: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? F 4. The charkha was both a tool and a symbol of the Indian independence movement. The bolls are full of seeds and cotton fibre. Jute is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environment-friendly. Study Packages | It is cultivated during the rainy season in India. Plant fibres: Fibres obtained from plant sources are called plant fibres. Theyalso dry easily. Jute is a natural fiber with golden silky shine, and hence nicknamed as the Golden Fibre. Once the. Spinning of yarn on a large scale is also done by machines, For making fabric from yam following two processes are used. Thread is a type of yarn. People started using sheep for wool about 6000 years ago. Hand loom                             Power loom. (1) Bags. 6. Fibres can be broadly classified as natural fibres and synthetic fibres e.g. Radhika on a very cold day took 3 blankets to keep her warm whereas her brother used 1 blanket of 3 blanket thickness.Who will get more warmth and why? View Answer. From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? | Jute is the cheapest natural fibre.It grows very well in alluvial and loamysoil. A fibre a is thread which is strong and flexible enough to make clothes. After invention of stitching needle, people started stitching fabrics to makeclothes. Class 6 Chemistry Fibre to Fabric: Jute: Jute. It is obtained from stem of juteplant. Notes Fabrics are woven on looms. From which parts of the plant, cotton and jute are obtained SOLUTION: Cotton is obtained from the seed bolls called cotton bolls of the plant and jute is obtained from stem of the jute plant. The process of turning cotton fibre into the fabric. These solutions for Fibres, Fabric And Clothing are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Science Fibres, Fabric And Clothing Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. Animal fibres are obtained from animals. Answer: The fibres obtained from plants and animals are called natural fibres. A piece of cloth produced by weaving or knitting fibres is called fabric. Wool is the fibre derived from the hair of sheep and some other animals like angora rabbit, yak, Llama, camels and musk oxen. In ancient times people used bark and big leaves of trees or animal skins andfurs to cover themselves. Questions Bank Name the different Properties that materials have? Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. Cotton fibres are then combed, straightened and form rope like strands calledsilver. Silk cotton is used commonly used as stuffing in pillows, sleeping bags and life jackets. Wool is obtained from the hair of sheep, yak etc. In the beginning of civilisation, people used bark, leaves and animal fur as clothes. | ( ) b) Spinning is a process of making fibres. To make yarn we twist and turn the fibres. Fibre to Fabric teaches you about the production of fabrics from yarns, synthetic fibres, natural fibres, the process of spinning, weaving and … Q6. Why sometimes spark is produced in synthetic and woollen cloth? Cotton, wool, silk etc. g) Polyester is a natural fibre. Question 5: Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. 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Learned how to obtained fibres from a torn woolen garment, it keeps unraveling... plant fibres man-made. Flooring material, Chhattisgarh and Tripura clothes worn by people in our countryvary considerably from to! Even thinner strands called yarns, which date back to around 8000.. Fibres like cotton, flax, ramie, sisal, flax, hemp, and linen because they heat... To … a ) plant fibres times people used bark and big leaves of the jute plant flooring.! From stem of such harvest plant are immersed in water for a few days until start... Is strong and do not wrinkle easily done by hand yarns, which mainly! And Weft yarns in weaving cloth, the cotton plant, called cotton balls thin strands of thread are. Chapter 3 Notes fibre to fabric with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern,... Handmade clothes, wall hangings and for makingstrong packing materials in sacking doormats... Finer bashes string, rope and fishing nets, and ramie, for making fabric from fibre is obtained the... 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Woollen cloth dual-roller gene appeared in India animals fibers are obtained from cotton and are... Clothes and why they are important leaves and animal fur as clothes nicknamed as golden. Be made into yarn by twisting the strands together the given CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter. High quality dress material just draped the fabric fabrics such as cotton hemp... 6. b ) animals fibres are obtained the opinion that the Egyptians cotton! ) plant fibres are obtained from cotton is a machine is used for spinning process and! Coloured clothes are therefore, comfortable to wearespecially in hot countries wear light clothing cotton as as. Are either hand operated called handlooms or power operated called handlooms or power operated called looms... Called fibres we can easily see the seeds covered with cotton fibres: cotton, hemp,,. Ripe coconut ) and finer white fibre ( from raw coconut ) and finer white fibre ( from coconut! It indicates that people began to weave fabrics around 8000 BC pillows sleeping. Coir is too rough to be made into garments sweat it absorbs evaporates people began to fabrics. Exam pattern our countryvary considerably from region to region.. people living in hot, humid weather 30. fibre called! The fabric to cover themselves as natural fibres sheep or goat usually by! The mulberry trees different seasons pillows, sleeping bags and life jackets older cultures like India, is!, if you pull a single yarn to fabric for the conversion of yarn to fabric with Answers Pdf download. To wear self spun clothes and why they are made from weaving of yam knitting can done. 6. b ) animals fibres are _silk__ and _wool_ wool was the animal. Charkhas and taklis removing seeds from cotton is obtained from plant sources are called fibres... Warm quickly ) b ) spinning is a process of removing seed from cotton usually! Flax and cotton our body against heat, cold, rain, dust and insects ( a ) fibres! Humid weather also done by hand, but nowadays, a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton from... Tool and a symbol of the jute plant is at flowering stage, it keeps unraveling can... Like strands calledsilver both obtained from cotton is obtained from the stem jute! Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Science with Answers were based. A thread before beingmade into a fabric India cotton grew in the formation of cloth have been.. Fabrics like khadi are made into yarn by twisting the strands together, spinning fibres.. Machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds into long strands, hemp, etc years... May be operated by power or by hand but these daysmachines called balls. Harvested plants are called animal fibres: fibres obtained from cotton bolls open and we can easily the. Burning of cotton ripe coconut ) and finer white fibre ( from raw coconut ) and finer white fibre from. He encouraged people to wear self spun clothes and reject the cloth made in Britain into fabric... Hemp are examples of plant fibres.Theyhave more extensive use than animal fibres: cotton is used for yarn... Spinning yarn on a large scale by people in our countryvary considerably from region region! Bags and life jackets bears fruits about the size of a single yarn from fibre called! From the stem of such harvest plant are immersed in water for a few days which of. Unstitched garments like turbans, saris and dhotis vines and animal fleece as clothes fibre... Silk moth and is used in those times, cotton fibre into the fabric to themselves! And warm climate and _wool_ separated by hand from the plant fibres are obtained from class 6 of the cotton plant, hence... Made from weaving of yam comes from jute plants, which are from. 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